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Workforce Development Tool of the Month - August 2021

Difficult Conversations

Public Health England | Workforce development tool 

This is the August 2021 ‘tool of the month’ from the IHR Project’s Workforce Development Team. This month we are looking at a topic that is necessary but that few of us enjoy. Having difficult conversations can be a constructive activity that builds relationships with colleagues and stakeholders. This session focusses on difficult conversations of all types. We look at managing people as well as broader techniques we can use in different situations.

IHR Strengthening Project Annual Review 2019-2020

Department of Health and Social Care, Public Health England | Annual Review

This annual review covers the period of April 2019 - March 2020. The IHR Strengthening project team and Department of Health and Social Care Global Health Security (DHSC GHS) both provided input for this review. The IHR Strengthening project team provided the content and accumulated the inputs from across it's project teams, delivery teams and the target theatres of engagement. The DHSC GHS team provided written responses to the content provided, by outlining their assessment observations in green text boxes, at the key intersections of the review.

Workforce Development Tool of the Month - July 2021

One Minute Management

Public Health England | Workforce development tool 

This is the July 2021 ‘tool of the month’ from the IHR Project’s Workforce Development Team. This month's topic is 'One Minute Management' - the concept that active management and short, clear conversations can lead to efficient, constructive relationships at work. One Minute Management comes from behavioural science and suggests how leaders can bring out the best in other people.

Epidemiological Comparison of the First and Second Waves of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria, February 2020-April 2021



Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England | Conference poster 

This poster compares the epidemiological features of the first and second waves of COVID-19 in Nigeria between 27th February 2020 and 3rd April 2021. The IHR Project’s Senior Public Health Advisor for Nigeria contributed to this poster and it was presented at the 2021 Nigerian Conference of Applied and Field Epidemiology (NiCAFE).

 

Evaluating implementation of International Health Regulations core capacities: using the Electronic States Parties Self-Assessment Annual Reporting Tool (e-SPAR) to monitor progress with Joint External Evaluation indicators

Public Health England | Peer reviewed publication

As part of the PHE IHR Strengthening Projects remit to build the evidence base for effective health systems strengthening, this paper investigates how SPAR and JEE indicators correlate to inform progress on IHR compliance and explores gaps in coverage. The authors mapped JEE indicators to SPAR indicators and found a high level of correlation suggesting the SPAR process offers a method for countries and technical assistance programmes to monitor progress and identify gaps in between JEE visits. The ongoing IHR Monitoring and Evaluation Framework review process offers an opportunity to enhance alignment and the authors suggest opportunities for this.

Workforce Development Tool of the Month - June 2021

Leadership and the Four Energies 

Public Health England | Workforce development tool 

This is the first ‘tool of the month’ from the IHR Project’s Workforce Development Team. Over the coming months we will be sharing our favourite concepts, models, hints and tips that resonate with us and really helped us out in all different work environments. Please come back each month to see what we are sharing. As with all concepts, models, hints and tips – these do not represent a fixed way of doing things, they are not hard and fast rules – if they resonate with you please make use of them – if they do not that’s fine too!

G7 Carbis Bay progress report: advancing universal health coverage and global health through strengthening health systems, preparedness and resilience

Department of Health and Social Care, Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, Public Health England | Government progress report

This report sets out how G7 countries led on improving global health and tackling epidemics and emerging threats since 2015, including in the COVID-19 pandemic. Colleagues from the IHR Strengthening Project contributed to the report and evidence from the project appears in chapter 3, highlighting the UK's support for WHO Joint External Evaluation (JEE) processes and their use in strengthening IHR capacities.

A literature review of the epidemiology of poisoning in Ethiopia to support development of training materials to establish a poisons centre

Public Health England | Conference poster 

A literature review of the epidemiology of poisoning in Ethiopia was undertaken to inform a structured programme of training materials for the new poison centre at St Peter’s Hospital, Addis Ababa. This poster exploring the process was developed under the IHR Strengthening Project and submitted to the 2020 Public Health England annual conference.

Supporting the establishment of an Ethiopian Poisons Centre

St Peters Hospital - Addis Ababa, Public Health England | Conference poster 

This poster examines the approach taken to establish the first poisons centre in Ethiopia. The authors discuss the lessons learned from the experience and potential next steps. The establishment of the poisons centre at St Peters Hospital, Addis Ababa also supported an update to the WHO Guidelines for Establishing a Poisions Centre. 

Promoting safe and effective use of chemical disinfectants by general public and volunteers in non-healthcare settings of Myanmar in the context of COVID-19: a mixed-method study


Myanmar Ministry of Health and Sports, Public Health England | Conference poster 

This study assesses the knowledge and perception of the public and Civil Society Organizations in Myanmar towards safe and appropriate use of disinfectants. The study explores the challenges and possible solutions for safe disinfection practices in response to COVID-19. The authors highlight the need for proper training in safe and effective use of disinfectants among volunteers involved in the control of COVID-19 and preparedness for future infectious disease outbreaks.

 

Systematic Review of Human Poisoning and Toxic Exposures in Myanmar

Myanmar Ministry of Health and Sports, Public Health England | Peer reviewed publication

This paper undertakes a systematic review of articles pertaining to poisoning and toxic exposures in Myanmar published between 1998 and 2020. Patterns of poisoning presented in the literature diverge from poisoning priorities reported in other lower-middle income countries in the region. There is a limited amount of research available on poisoning outcomes and routes of exposure in Myanmar. The authors recommend further investigation and research are warranted to provide a more complete assessment of poisoning risk and incidence.

Evaluation of National Event-Based Surveillance, Nigeria, 2016–2018

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England | Peer reviewed publication

This paper describes and evaluates an event-based surveillance (EBS) system established by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). The evaluation found the NCDC EBS system to be effective in detecting relevant signals and users deemed it a valued asset for national surveillance. The authors recommended improving signal logging, standardizing processes, and revising outputs to optimise the system and ensure appropriate public health action. 

Evaluating an Institutional health Partnership using the ESTHER EFFECt tool: A Case Study of an Evaluation of the Institutional Health Partnership Between Nigeria CDC and Public Health England

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England | Peer-reviewed publication

This paper uses the ESTHER EFFECT tool to understand the strength, value and impact of the partnership between Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Public Health England through the IHR Strengthening Project. Key strengths and weaknesses of the partnership were identified such as having wide ranging institutional engagement, however needing to improve dissemination mechanisms following key learning activity. The paper hopes to encourage similar evaluations to build and strengthen the evidence base around effective institutional health partnerships. 

Improving National Intelligence for Public Health Preparedness: a methodological approach to finding local multi-sector indicators for health security

Ethiopia Public Health Institute, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Pakistan National Institute of Health, Public Health England | Peer-reviewed publication

The authors of this paper designed and piloted a rapid framework review and Delphi consultative process in collaboration with three National Public Health Institutes (NPHIs) in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Pakistan to identify, assess and prioritise non-traditional subnational indicators to improve preparedness monitoring. 
 
The demonstrated methodology can strengthen the leadership role of NPHIs in health security without the added burden of developing new indicators or collecting new data. 

Nigeria’s public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic: January to May 2020 

Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England, WHO Regional Office for Africa | Peer-reviewed publication

This paper reports on the emergence of COVID-19 in Nigeria and the public health response up until May 2020. 
 
The authors discuss a number of early interventions that were critical to slowing the rate of virus transmission in Nigeria and bought extra time to implement a robust case detection, testing, and treatment centre capacity. The authors suggest a holistic government approach should be taken to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and rebuild a stronger health system in Nigeria. 

Health system governance in strengthening International Health Regulations (IHR) compliance in Myanmar

Myanmar Ministry of Health and Sports, Public Health England | Peer-reviewed publication

This paper highlights the importance of the relationship between governance and International Health Regulations (IHR) in the context of Sustainable Development Goals. Myanmar IHR strengthening efforts can further be improved by promoting an environment which is conducive for better health system governance.

Thinking differently: lessons learned by international public health specialists while supporting strengthening of the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response system in Pakistan

Public Health England | Peer-reviewed publication

This paper reflects on the learning of IHR Project colleagues, Dr Anne Wilson and Chris Cartwright, in their efforts to support the Pakistan government to improve compliance with the International Health Regulations, specifically through strengthening its Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response system. 

Using critical information to strengthen pandemic preparedness: the role of national public health agencies 

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Pakistan National Institute of HealthPublic Health England Peer-reviewed publication

This work is based on collaboration with Nigeria, Ethiopia and Pakistan National Public Health Institutes (NPHIs) – it also involved close collaboration with other European NPHIs as well as IANPHI. The work demonstrates a key part of the IHR Project's strategy, which aims to galvanise the collective capacity of the IANPHI network of NPHIs in support of institutional capacity building. 

Descriptive epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in Nigeria, 27 February– 6 June 2020 

Nigeria Centre for Disease ControlPublic Health England Peer-reviewed publication

The authors of this study analysed a national surveillance dataset of COVID-19 testing collected in Nigeria between 27 February and 6 June 2020. The authors provide an insight into the early epidemiology of COVID-19 in Nigeria to enhance planning and response strategies. 

Exportation of  Monkeypox virus from the African Continent

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England, WHO Regional Office for Africa | Peer-reviewed publication

The authors of this study analyse epidemiological and molecular data for Monkeypox cases exported to the UK, Israel and Singapore in September 2017, and Nigerian cases of Monkeypox to better understand the exportations in the temporal and geographic context of the outbreak.

The Global Health Security Index: what value does it add? 

Public Health EnglandPeer-reviewed publication

This article critically reviews whether the Global Health Security Index adds value to the existing suite of tools for improved global health security. The authors discuss the indicators and their validity, the scoring system and its weighting, and whether the scoring should be used to determine country priorities. 

Clinical Course and Outcome of Human Monkeypox in Nigeria

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health EnglandPeer-reviewed publication

This study undertakes a retrospective review of records of 40 human monkeypox cases from Nigeria and describes the clinical course, management, and outcome of patients. 

The study reports the majority of cases developed fever and self-limiting vesiculopustular skin eruptions. Five deaths were reported. Compared to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–negative cases, HIV type 1–coinfected cases had more prolonged illness, larger lesions, and higher rates of both secondary bacterial skin infections and genital ulcers.  

Building the case for embedding global health security into universal health coverage: a proposal for a unified health system that includes public health

Public Health EnglandPeer-reviewed publication

This article examines areas of overlap between public health functions and health-care services in strengthening health systems. The authors offer recommendations for construction of a unified national health system that includes public health. 

A partnership approach to strengthening IHR compliance

Public Health EnglandPeer-reviewed publication

IHR Project colleagues and the Director General of NCDC respond to Joint external evaluation of the International Health Regulation (2005) capacities: current status and lessons learnt in the WHO African region. 

The authors discuss the approach of the IHR Strengthening Project, the joint external evaluation process and value of the collaboration between national public health institutions to strengthen global health security. 

Outbreak of human monkeypox in Nigeria in 2017–18: a clinical and epidemiological report

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Public Health England, WHO Regional Office for Africa | Peer-reviewed publication

This study provides detailed clinical and epidemiological data for the 2017–18 outbreak of monkeypox virus infection in Nigeria, which is the largest known outbreak of the west African clade of monkeypox virus to date. 
 
The findings have implications for clinical and public health responses to human monkeypox outbreaks, with respect to contact follow-up, infection prevention and control measures, and assessment of comorbidities. 

Lessons from Public Health England's Workforce Development Project in Sierra Leone 

Public Health EnglandIANPHI Newsletter

In this article, workforce development colleagues report on their collaboration with the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation to establish a national public health institute. The authors outline the tools and approach employed and reflect on their learning.